Volume 2, Issue 6, December 2017, Page: 90-95
Climate Change and Its Impact on Sustainable Development in Bangladesh
Md. Ashraful Islam, ICT-GIS Division Institute of Water Modelling, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Md. Saiful Islam, Department of URP, Khulna University of Engineering & Technology (KUET), Khulna, Bangladesh
Received: Sep. 27, 2017;       Accepted: Oct. 25, 2017;       Published: Nov. 20, 2017
DOI: 10.11648/j.ijeee.20170206.11      View  1869      Downloads  125
Abstract
There has been a large scientific evidences on climate change and its direct as well as indirect influences. Every year around 2.5 million people die from non-infectious diseases, which are directly attributable to environmental factors and these are related to climate changes. So Climate change is one of the most important issues in present senario. Changes in conditions and climate variability affect temperature, sea level rise, poverty, rising salinity, greenhouse effect and it can also affect human health both directly and indirectly. Though Bangladesh is a very low energy consuming country, Bangladesh is one of the top 10 nations that are mostly vulnerable to climate changes. This study was carried out by employing a general review of literature on climate change, focusing on its effects in Bangladesh and sustainable development. The effects would be as Crop production will decrease, floods are contaminating water that Increasing water borne diseases such as cholera, diarrhea etc. If the global temperature rises by 2°C, 30% of all land species will be threatened by an increased risk of extinction. About 75% area of mangrove forest Sundarban will submerse if the sea level will increases 45 cm. The southwestern coastal districts of Bangladesh will increase 16% in 2050 and 18% in 2100, which will make people homeless and bring social instability.
Keywords
Climate, Effect, Temperature, Vulnerability, Sustainable Development
To cite this article
Md. Ashraful Islam, Md. Saiful Islam, Climate Change and Its Impact on Sustainable Development in Bangladesh, International Journal of Economy, Energy and Environment. Vol. 2, No. 6, 2017, pp. 90-95. doi: 10.11648/j.ijeee.20170206.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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